Innovations in Visualization

Womba: A Musical Instrument for an Unborn Child

Aura Pon
Johnty Wang
Laurie Radford
Sheelagh Carpendale


This paper describes the motivation and process of developing a musical instrument for an unborn child. Well established research shows a fetus in the womb can respond to and benefit from stimuli from the outside world. A musical instrument designed for this unique context can leverage the power of this interaction. Two prototypes were constructed and tested during separate pregnancies and the experiences are presented, and the limitation of the sensor technology identified. We discuss our discoveries about design considerations and challenges for such an instrument, and project thought-provoking questions that arise from its potential applications.


Aura Pon, Johnty Wang, Laurie Radford, Sheelagh Carpendale. Womba: A Musical Instrument for an Unborn Child. In Proceedings of the International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression. (Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA), Louisiana State University, pages 87-90, 2015. PDF Paper